From Iceland to Greenland
- a peek into the depth of the Arctic Ocean
III - Successful data recovery, Laura de Steur | 14 instruments recovered returning data on ocean temperature, salinity and velocity at selected depths between 100 m and 2900 m depth ... (more on OSNAP's Blog)
II - Maximizing the Schedule, Laura de Steur | Since we arrived at the moorings sites in the northward flowing Irminger Current on the Reykjanes Ridge, we have been working around the clock. With all 5 moorings recovered in two days, and needing to deploy those again soon, the days seemed too short... (more on OSNAP's Blog)
I - Introduction, Laura de Steur | R/V Pelagia // East Leg 2 underway // OSNAP (s. OSNAP's Blog )
RV Pelagia underway to the Irminger Sea
* Laura de Steur | NIOZ *
After a bright sunny day of getting RV Pelagia ready in Reykjavik, we are well underway to retrieve and redeploy 12 tall oceanic moorings in the Irminger Sea which contribute to the NACLIM and OSNAP programs. We expect to arrive to the first mooring site on the Reykjanes Ridge this Friday morning to start servicing the 5 NIOZ moorings in the Irminger Current and do CTD stations and float deployments. After that we head west to collect all 5 NOC moorings in the Deep Western Boundary Current and take CTDs up to Greenland, if possible. In addition, the German CIS and Dutch LOCO2 moorings in the central gyre will be serviced. All moorings will be deployed again for another year. (Photo: Laura de Steur)
Check OSNAP's Blog for more updates~
GIM: Smart geodata map helps to identify heat wave effect on vulnerable population groups
In a city it is always a few degrees warmer than in the countryside. Extreme events such as heat waves reinforce this temperature rise and lead to health problems caused by heat stress exposure... read more
New publications in Geophysical Research Letters, Ocean Science, Climate and Cliamte Dynamics
Ocean Science Discuss. // Increasing transports of volume, heat,,and salt towards the Arctic in the Faroe,Current 1993–2013 by Hansen, B., Larsen, K. M. H., Hátún, H., Kristiansen, R., Mortensen, E., and Østerhus, S.
Climate // Detailed Urban Heat Island Projections for Cities Worldwide: Dynamical Downscaling CMIP5 Global Climate Models by Dirk Lauwaet, Hans Hooyberghs, Bino Maiheu, Wouter Lefebvre, Guy Driesen, Stijn Van Looy and Koen De Ridder
Climate Dynamics // Atmospheric response to the autumn sea-ice free Arctic and its detectability by Suo L, Gao Y, Guo D, Liu J, Wang H and Johannessen O.
Ocean Science // Deep drivers of mesoscale circulation in the central Rockall Trough by T. J. Sherwin, D. Aleynik, E. Dumont, and M. E. Inall
GRL // Recent changes in the freshwater composition, east of Greenland by L. de Steur, R. S. Pickart, D. J. Torres, and H. Valdimarsson
More publications (...)
The Atlantic Is Entering A Cool Phase That Will Change The World’s Weather
IFLSCIENCE | June 1, 2015 | by Gerard McCarthy and Ivan Haigh
The Atlantic Ocean’s surface temperature swings between warm and cold phases every few decades. Like its higher-frequency Pacific relative El Nino, this so-called “Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation” can alter weather patterns throughout the world. The warmer spell we’ve seen since the late 1990s has generally meant warmer conditions in Ireland and Britain, more North Atlantic hurricanes, and worse droughts in the US Midwest... read more
Heat stress exposure maps (WP 4.2 Impact on Urban Systems) are now available for NACLIM's stakeholders, the city of Almada Portugal, Antwerp Belgium and Berlin Germany. 51 maps represent the average number of heatwave days per year versus socio economic data per statistical unit. The average number of heatwave days per year has been modeled over the reference period 1986-2005 using the present land use / cover situation for the cities. Go to info sheets.
Enduser Newsletter Q1 2015 on UrbClim model and heat stress exposure mapping is now available.
Enduser status report Q1 2015 on Urban Heat Island (UHI) user requirements and specifications updated. The aim of the quarterly report is to update the enduser cities (Almada, Berlin and Antwerp) about the progress of the work done within the WP 4.2 (climate impact on urban systems) and the planned activities for the next period.
NACLIM will be present at the Marine Measurement Forum 56 held by the National Oceanography Centre U.K. on 15 July 2015 in Liverpool): The event focuses on interactive exchange among research institutions and commercial organizations on topics ranging from scientific research, instrumentation and survey projects of marine science. The day provides the ideal opportunity to network and share ideas with others working in the ocean industries.
Visit MMF56 for further information.
NACLIM will be present at the U.S. AMOC International Science Meeting (21-24 July 2015, Bristol, U.K.): Towards a holistic picture of the ,Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation ,via observation modelling and synthesis | Topic 4: Novel approaches to pan-Atlantic observations, modeling, analysis and synthesis. Visit RAPID for further information.
[12 - 17.04.2015]
Is the Overturning Slowing Down? - No significant sign in Faroe Bank Channel and Denmark Strait
NACLIM at EGU 2015. Find Bogi Hansen (HAV) and Kerstin Jochumsen (UHAM)'s statement @
Increased oceanic heat transport in the main Atlantic inflow branch to the Nordic Seas 1993-2013 by Bogi Hansen (Download)
On the origin and propagation of Denmark Strait Overflow Water Anomalies in the Irminger Basin by Kerstin Jochumsen (Download)
Around 10 NACLIM members attended this year's EGU conference. Talks and posters addressed the North Atlantic variability, the predictability in the Nordic Seas, urban climate as well as management and outreach of EU funded research projects. The presentations and posters are available to download @ DisseminationActivities.
[31 March 2015]
New Publications from NACLIM scientists in various journals
Nature Climate Change | Effects of long-term variability on projections of twenty-first-century dynamic sea level
Mohammad H. Bordbar, Thomas Martin, Mojib Latif and Wonsun Park
Progress in Oceanography | Arctic Ocean circulation, processes and water masses: A description of observations and ideas with focus on the period prior to the International Polar Year 2007-2009
Progress in Oceanography | Circulation and transformation of Atlantic water in the Eurasian Basin and the contribution of the Fram Strait inflow branch to the Arctic Ocean heat budget
Bert Rudels et al.
Journal of Climate | Influence of the North Atlantic SST Variability on the Atmospheric Circulation during the Twentieth Century
Guillaume Gastineau and Claude Frankignoul
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans | On the origin and propagation of Denmark Strait overflow,water anomalies in the Irminger Basin
Kerstin Jochumsen, Manuela Köllner, Detlef Quadfasel, Stephen Dye, Bert Rudels,,and Heðinn Valdimarsson
Read more [>>]
[2 March 2015]
New Publication in Science of the Total Environment: A study of the hourly variability of the urban heat island effect in the Greater Athens Area during summer
Accepted on 17 February 2015, H. Hooyberghs and B. Maiheu from NACLIM CT4 are the co-authors.
Abstract: Measurements of air temperature and humidity in the urban canopy layer during July 2009 in 26 sites in Athens, Greece, allowed for the mapping of the hourly spatiotemporal evolution of the urban heat island (UHI) effect. City districts neighboring to the mountains to the east were the hottest during the afternoon, while being among the coolest during the early morning hours. While during the early morning some coastal sites were the hottest, the warm air plume slowly moved to the densely urbanized center of the city until 14:00–15:00, moving then further west, to the Elefsis industrial area in the afternoon. Results from the UrbClim model agree fairly well with the observations. Satellite-derived land surface temperature (LST) data from AATSR, ASTER, AVHRR and MODIS, for pixels corresponding to ground stations measuring Tair, showed that LST can be up to 5 K lower than the respective Tair during nighttime, while it can be up to 15 K higher during the rest of the day. Generally, LST during late afternoon as acquired from AATSR is very near to Tair for all stations and all days, i.e., the AATSR LST afternoon retrieval can be used as a very good approximation of Tair. The hourly evolution of the spatial Tair distribution was almost the same during days with NE Etesian flow as in days with sea breeze circulation, indicating that the mean wind flow was not the main factor controlling the diurnal UHI evolution, although it influenced the temperatures attained. No unambiguous observation of the urban moisture excess (UME) phenomenon could be made.
Read more [>>]
[2 March 2015]
New Publication in Urban Climate: UrbClim – A fast urban boundary layer climate model
By Koen De Ridder, Dirk Lauwaet, Bino Maiheu from CT4, accepted on 07 January 2015.
Abstract: We present a new urban climate model, further referred to as UrbClim, designed to cover agglomeration-scale domains at a spatial resolution of a few hundred metres. This model is composed of a land surface scheme containing simple urban physics, coupled to a 3-D atmospheric boundary layer module. In the land surface scheme, urban terrain is represented as an impermeable slab with appropriate parameter values for albedo, emissivity, and aerodynamic and thermal roughness length, and accounting for anthropogenic heat fluxes. The UrbClim model is subject to several validation exercises, using observations from Toulouse (France), Ghent and Antwerp (Belgium), and Bilbao (Spain), and considering turbulent energy fluxes, wind speed, and urban–rural temperatures. Despite its simplicity, UrbClim is found to be of the same level of accuracy than more sophisticated models, including for the complex terrain characterizing the Bilbao area. At the same time, it is faster than high-resolution mesoscale climate models by at least two orders of magnitude. Because of that, the model is well suited for long time integrations, in particular for applications in urban climate projections.
Read more [>>]
[3 February 2015]
New Publication in Nature Climate Change: Arctic warming will promote Atlantic–Pacific fish interchange
Published online 26 January 2015, Steffen Olsen from NACLIM CT3 is one of the co-authors. View the article at Nature Online
Warming Arctic enables exchange of fish species among Pacific and Atlantic. [The Carbon Brief] For millions of years, fish species in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans have stuck resolutely to where they belong, kept from venturing between oceans by the cold water of the Arctic.
But new research suggests a warming Arctic could soon see fish putting aside their differences and bridging this chilly divide. And this could have implications for native species and commercial fisheries, the researchers say. Read more [>>]
[2 February 2015]
New Publication in Nature Communications: Wet or dry future Sahel? Difference between extra-tropical and tropical ocean warming will give the answer...
A new study entitled “Northern-hemispheric differential warming is the key to understanding the discrepancies in the projected Sahel rainfall” by Jong-yeon Park, Jürgen Bader und Daniela Matei (CT1) was recently published in Nature Communications. They considered the question of whether the Sahel will be wet or dry in the future and found out that the difference between extra-tropical and tropical ocean warming will be decisive.
The work was financially supported by the German BMBF RACE and MiKlip projects in the frame of an internal MPI-M project Tropical VIBES, with contribution from NACLIM scientist Daniela Matei.
Learn more on MPI homepage
[12-13 January 2015]
CT2 (Monitoring of North Atlantic parameters)
Meeting scheduled on 12-13 January 2015 focusing on the upcoming deliverables, Venue @ Mittelweg 177 Hamburg.
[08 December 2014]
Brochure for End-User online
The North Atlantic and Climate - The links between ocean, climate and the impacts on urban society...The data collected in NACLIM will be used to validate and run global climate models (GCM). NACLIMS's partner VITO uses the GCM data to run urban climate models with much higher resolutions and restricted spatial scales (e.g. cities). The output of the VITO urban climate model can be mapped against socioeconomic factors to create heat risk maps and understand the socioeconomic costs of heat waves in urban environment... More information about science in NACLIM and impact on urban societies can be viewed here:
[28 November 2014]
Updates in the website!
- Meeting minutes and more of End User Meeting in Berlin are now available in Intranet
- All presentations of the Annual Meeting in Berlin are online [>>]
- UHI of the thrid quarter 2014 report for WP4.1 end-users is now online [>>]
- CT2 series on Labrador Sea western boundary current transport at 53° N updated [>>]
- List of publications updated [>>]
- Changes in the leadership of the CT2 and of the WP2.1: Karin M. H. Larsen (HAV) replacing Svein Osterhus (Unires) as lead in WP2.1.
CT2 now led by Johannes Karstensen (GEOMAR) and Karin M.H. Larsen (HAV) [>>]
- Changes in WP 6 project management: Chenbo Guo replacing Chiara Beazotti [>>]
[17 October 2014]
Annual Meeting in Berlin: talks now online
We've published online all the talks of the Berlin meeting. Thank you for joining the meeting. It was good to see you all there and to listen to the interesting talks.
[1 September 2014]
Junior-Akademie: adventures in oceanography for school pupils
Transfer of knowledge from scientists to school pupils taking place at the Junior Akademie, a summer school on oceanography.
Scientist Mirjam Glessmer tells more about this experience and the experiments in her blog: http://mirjamsophiaglessmer.wordpress.com/
Nice videos and graphics, well done Mirjam!
[23 August 2014]
Article on"Tuna follow global warming to Arctic" published by Sunday Times of London
Sunday Times journalist Jonathan Leake recently ran an article based on Brian MacKenzie and Mark Payne (DTU) research paper describing the arrival of bluefin tuna off Greenland. Download the Sunday Times article [>>]
[21 August 2014]
NACLIM is on Twitter!
Follow us on Twitter, if you have an account, and we will be happy to follow you too and re-tweet your tweets. Our account is: @NACLIM
[20 August 2014]
Bluefin tuna caught at east Greenland
Brian MacKenzie (DTU Aqua) "We have recently published a research paper showing that bluefin tuna were present at east Greenland in summer 2012. This location (approx. 65.5 deg. N.) is much farther north than its usual summer feeding habitat, but the warm conditions that year seemed to be suitable for the tuna. The warm water also attracted some of the tuna's favorite prey, such as Atlantic mackerel. This is the first time bluefin tuna have been reported so far north in Greenland water". For more details, go to the Media Center [>>]
[19 August 2014]
Re-installing moorings in the Labrador and Irminger Sea: NACLIM group on RV THALASSA 6-26 August 2014
The NACLIM cruise MSM40 on board French vessel RV THALASSA started on the 6 August 2014 in St. Johns, Canada. 14 scientists are on board to primarily re-install a number of moorings in the Labrador and Irminger Sea. The observations contribute to the scientific analysis in the NACLIM WP2.2 (Transports in the subpolar North Atlantic), but also contribute to other efforts such as the “Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program” (OSNAP), the Canadian VITALS project, the US “Ocean Observation Initiative” (OOI) and the German “Regional Atlantic Circulation and Global Change” (RACE) project.
- Johannes Karstensen (GEOMAR) short report [>>]
- Reports on the research expedition are available on GEOMAR website
- Follow the RV THALASSA online: http://www.ifremer.fr/posnav/PosnavWeb/WFNavire.aspx?navire=thalassa
[25 July 2014]
The second status report UHI (second quarter 2014) is now available
UHI stands for "User requirements and service specifications". The aim of this document is to update the NACLIM WP4.2 end-users on a quarterly basis on the progress of the work and the planned activities for the next period.
Read the report [>>]
[22 July 2014]
Deliverables due on 1 October 2014: templates available
This is the list of the deliverables (& scientists in charge) to be provided to the project office by 1 October 2014:
- D11.25: Yongqi Gao
- D22.29: Laura de Steur
- D23.30: Detlef Quadfasel (& all member of CT2)
- D31.26: Mojib Latif and Wonsun Park
- D32.27: Detlef Stammer and Armin Köhl
- D32.28: Steffen Olsen and Gorm Dybkjær
The templates can be found in this zipped file (download)
[16 July 2014]
First NACLIM progress report is available
This is a report covering the first 18 months of the project (Nov.2012-April 2014) and includes detailed information of the different work packages, the management report and update on the overall activities of the project.
The report has been sent to the EC with the financial reports in June 2014. A review of the EC on the activities and results is planned for summer 2014.
Download the report (PDF)
[6 May 2014]
New deliverables online
The latest deliverables' reports are now online:
- in the intranet you find the full list and all the linked documents [>>]
- In the website you find those accessible to a wider audience [>>]
[27 March 2014]
NACLIM at EGU: WP4.2 presents the case studies for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada, EGU, 28-29 April 2014, Vienna (AT)
EGU abstracts of the interventions of Catherine Stevens and Bart Thomas : Download zipped file
- Extraction of Urban Morphology Parameters from Generic European
Datasets: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada
- Urban Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change
in Europe: A Case Study for Antwerp, Berlin and Almada
[21 March 2014]
Joint CT1-CT3 topical meeting, 19-20 March 2014, Hamburg (DE)
The meeting was held at Max Planck and saw the participation of scientists of the core themes 1 and 3.
Goals of the meeting: providing an overview of work in progress and/or future work planned regarding 'influence of SST/sea ice on atmosphere and atmospheric predictability; atmospheric influence on SST/sea ice.
Discussing how to identify possible cross-institutional collaboration and joint studies, like extending analysis to more than one mode.
Read more and access the presentations [>>]
[3 March 2014]
The North Atlantic Climate: what we need to find out... a short video-story
This video is a short introduction to the main challenges our researches face in their investigations on climate variability in the North Atlantic. This is the first video of three, the others will follow in 2014-2016 and explain the impacts of climate variability on human health (heat stress in cities) and on oceanic ecosystems.
Target audience: General public
[3 February 2014]
Report on Arctic research funded by the European Union
The European Union has supported polar research through a large number of collaborative projects, among others NACLIM and THOR, read more [>>]
[12 February 2014]
3rd End-User Meeting, 10-11 February 2014, Brussels (BE)
The representatives of the three cities (Almada, Antwerp and Berlin) acting as end-users for the WP 4.2 met in our scientists for an update on thee progress in the implementation of the urban climate simulations. Presentations and reports on the event can be accessed in the intranet [>>]
[20 January 2014]
Progress report on first 12 months of the project now available
This is a summary report of the progress achieved in the work packages in these first 12 months of activity (November 2012-November 2013). In addition to this, the report offers a look forward indicating the plans for the upcoming 12 months. Read the full report [>>]
[13 November 2013]
New paper on the Arctic–Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation
Eldevik, Tor, Jan Even Ø. Nilsen, 2013: The Arctic–Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation*. J. Climate, 26, 8698–8705. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00305.1 Abstract: The Atlantic Ocean's thermohaline circulation is an important modulator of global climate. Its northern branch extends through the Nordic Seas to the cold Arctic, a region that appears to be particularly influenced by climate change. A thermohaline circulation is fundamentally concerned with two degrees of freedom. This is in particular the case for the inflow of warm and saline Atlantic Water through the Nordic Seas toward the Arctic that is balanced by two branches of outflow. The authors present an analytical model, rooted in observations, that constrains the strength and structure of this Arctic–Atlantic thermohaline circulation. It is found, maybe surprisingly, that the strength of Atlantic inflow is relatively insensitive to anomalous freshwater input; it mainly reflects changes in northern heat loss. Freshwater anomalies are predominantly balanced by the inflow's partition into estuarine and overturning circulation with southward polar outflow in the surface and dense overflow at depth, respectively. More quantitatively, the approach presented herein provides a relatively simple framework for making closed and consistent inference on the thermohaline circulation's response to observed or estimated past and future change in the northern seas.
[11 November 2013]
IPCC Climate Change 2013, The Physical Science Basis: Summary for policy makers
WG1 Contribution to the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change can be downloaded from this page of the IPCC website http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg1/#.UoNvX-KFfBI Here you can either download the full report in PDF; or access the specific chapters.
In the same page, you can also find another document (30 pages) in PDF, addressed to policy makers. This is the "Summary for policy makers", in its version of 11 November 2013. This summary follows the structure of the WG I report and the narrative is supported by a series of overarching highlighted conclusions which provide a concise summary. Main sections are introduced with a brief paragraph in italics outlining the methodological basis of the assessment.
[24 June 2013]
The EU Adaptation Strategy
[MCCIP News June 2013] "Adaptation to climate change is crucial for reducing the risk and damage from current and future impacts of climate change in a cost-effective manner and to exploit potential benefits. The European Commission adopted an EU strategy on adaptation on 16 April 2013. The European Union (EU) has published its first climate adaptation strategy, based on three main themes: promoting action by member states, ‘climate proofing’ EU–level action; and providing better information to support decision–making."
Consult the EU Adaptation Strategy Package [>>]
[5 June 2013]
NACLIM Gender Panel: first interim report on gender indicators
In the first 6 project months (1 November 2012-30 April 2013), 27 women have been working for the NACLIM project. This corresponds to approx. 43% of the entire workforce employed by the project in this corresponding period.
Read the full report in the section "Deliverables & publications" [>>]
[23 May 2013]
NACLIM was at the event "The Atlantic- A shared resource" 23-24 May 2013, Galway (Ireland)
Gerard McCarthy (NERC/NOC) represented the NACLIM project at the Galway event.
The objective of this event was to provide a vision for enhanced cooperation on both sides of the Atlantic and a set of jointly agreed priority actions to provide the means to achieve these goals. Recognizing the essential role of international partnership to achieve shared objectives and the potential of greater cooperation to advance our knowledge of the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Presidency together with the European Commission invited the involvement of international partners in tackling the challenges confronting the citizens of the North Atlantic coastal states. Realising this potential demands not only the ability to make observations and obtain data, but an understanding of ecosystem functioning and interactions and an ability to model, forecast and predict the ocean system.
[29 April 2013]
NACLIM poster showing at the Hamburg City Hall
A poster of the NACLIM project has been presented to the public on 29 April, day of the opening of the Europawoche in Hamburg. A PDF version of the poster can be downloaded here (in German only).
The show includes posters of all FP7 projects and ERC grants seeing the participation of institutions located in this geographical area, either as coordinator or as project partner.
All posters can be seen in the foyer of the Hamburg city hall until the end of May 2013. The exhibition is open to the general public.
[24 April 2013]
Follow-up of the EGU sessions 2013: presentations and posters by NACLIM scientists
Several presentations and posters have been presented at the EGU sessions in Vienna, in early April 2013. Details and documents for download can be found here [>>]
[23 April 2013]
CT1/CT3 Meeting: successfully held on 22-23 April 2013, Hamburg (DE)
Goals: Get an overview of what the different groups plan to do, identify and discuss what needs and what can be done in cross-institutional collaboration, data exchange, open access requirements
Audience: This meeting is addressed to all scientists of the CT1 and CT3
All presentations of the meeting available in the intranet [>>]
[ 5 April 2013]
Ocean Circulation in the North Atlantic: why it is important for Scotland
Our partner Marine of Scotland (MSS), April 2013 has published a new topic sheet on the Ocean circulation in the NA: the document is meant to be understandable to the wider audience and highlights MSS work and relevance to the Scottish public: download the file in PDF or visit the Marine of Scotland website http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/science/Publications/TopicSheets/OceanCirc
[20 March 2013]
Three cities selected for the case study on urban impacts
Three are the cities selected for the studies on the urban impacts in the WP 4.2 "Impact on urban societies". End-users have been selected in the three cities to become the NACLIM case studies. Read more [>>]
[7 March 2013]
Project fact-sheet and NACLIM flyer online
We have published in February the first version of the NACLIM fact-sheet. Part of its content have been also now made available in the 2013 version of the NACLIM flyer. Both documents will be updated on a 18-month basis with the achievements of the project and are available in the Media Center section of the website [>>]
[7 Febr. 2013]
CORDEX 2013: International conference on regional climate 4-7 Nov. 2013, Brussels
The European Commission together with the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and IPCC is organising his international conference. The Conference will start with a High Level Event, comprising the presentation of the IPCC WG I Report (AR5) in the presence of the EU Commissioners, for Research & Innovation, Máire Geoghegan-Quinn and Climate Action, Connie Hedegaard. This will be followed by a Stakeholder Session, involving regional policymakers and representatives of various business sectors. The unique setting of this Conference, in particular on the first day, provides a special opportunity for participants from policy and business sectors to meet science and to discuss key issues related to climate change.
For more information and registration, please consult the webpage: http://cordex2013.wcrp-climate.org/
[25 Jan. 2013]
CT2 Meeting: 5-6 March 2013, Hamburg (DE)
We are planning a two-day NACLIM CT2 meeting in Hamburg, at the Institute of Oceanography, on 5 and 6 March 2013 to make plans for the coming field season and new publications. A more detailed agenda will follow soon.
This meeting is addressed to all scientists of the WP 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3
Please confirm your attendance to: firstname.lastname@example.org
[4 Jan. 2013]
Article upon NACLIM project in Spektrum der Wissenschaft
Michael Gross, science writer, published an article on the findings in the THOR project -now finalized- and the expectations for the NACLIM project in a German science magazine, Spektrum der Wissenschaft. Read the article [>>]
NACLIM project is financed by European Commission through the 7th Framework Programme for Research, Theme 6 Environment, Grant Agreement 308299